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  • '
  • ˳
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    100-110 ..
         

     

    100-110 ..

    . () +100 -110 .. TOMS Nimbus 7 1996 . 2003 . 13 , . . , . .

    .

    - 㳿 () , . , , - '. . .. " ", , , . , [1; 2] , "", . , , .

    (52 28 '..; 104 02' ..), (100-110 ), . (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer - TOMS) "NIMBUS - 7" 1996 2003 . (. ).

    1 . ( 糿) (. , ). . , .

    1

    , 100 -110 , .

    -

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    1.

    , ()

    78.50 S

    106.90

    2.

    , - ,

    0.20 S

    100.32

    3.

    , - ,

    0.03 N

    109.3

    4.

    ѳ, ѳ

    1.33 N

    103.88

    5.

    ,

    4.47 N

    101.37

    6.

    ̳, '

    10.75 N

    106.67

    7.

    ,

    13.73 N

    100.57

    8.

    , '

    21.03 N

    105.85

    9.

    ,

    36.17 N

    100.53

    10.

    ,

    36.27 N

    100.67

    11.

    ,

    48.33 N

    107.58

    12.

    ,

    52.27 N

    104.35

    13.

    ,

    64.17 N

    100.07

    .

    2 .

    ̳ (110 ..) 7.1996 . - 12.2002 . . 24 2001, 559 .. - . 21 2002 , , 2002 . , ( 110 .. 2001 ., . , 2002 . , 1996 .).

    2

    ̳ . . , .

    1996

    1997

    1998

    1999

    2000

    2001

    2002

    131 - 12.10

    125 - 22.9

    122 - 11.10

    126 - 29.9

    115 - 22.9

    110 - 24.9

    174 - 18.9

    368 - 9.12

    340 - 9.11

    326 - 23.2

    334 - 26.3

    342 - 19.11

    351 - 5.4

    457 - 25.9

    243 - 17.9

    245 -28.12

    244 - 5.2

    245 - 11.12

    234 - 8.12

    230 - 7.1

    236 - 29.11

    271 - 16.11

    298 - 25.3

    277 - 8.5

    290 - 9.9

    274 - 8.9

    280 - 31.12

    293 - 3.3

    245 - 21.8

    240 -27.12

    240 - 2.1

    251 - 17.12

    230 -20.12

    234 - 14.2

    238 - 5.12

    272 - 15.11

    298 -24.10

    277 -20.10

    286 - 7.9

    273 - 9.5

    274 - 8.11

    299 - 30.8

    ѳ

    245 - 8.8

    240 -26.12

    240 - 6.1

    246 - 19.12

    229 - 17.12

    229 - 10.1

    235 - 15.12

    275 - 16.11

    297 -27.10

    277 - 20.4

    288 - 9.9

    281 - 15.9

    277 - 5.11

    292 - 23.4

    244 - 19.12

    235-2 4.12

    239 - 2.1

    244 - 14.12

    229 -26.12

    225 - 16.1

    239 - 7.12

    268 - 12.10

    293 - 7.6

    280 - 3.5

    294 - 9.6

    284 - 22.7

    283 - 21.7

    291 - 21.9

    ̳

    219 - 17.12

    230 - 31.1

    230 - 5.1

    229 - 6.1

    228 -24.12

    219 - 5.12

    231 - 19.1

    279 - 21.7

    292 - 14.6

    287 - 17.5

    294 - 7.6

    291 - 20.5

    289 - 27.5

    294 - 15.7

    216 - 21.12

    225 - 5.2

    228 - 11.12

    222 - 30.1

    233 -26.12

    204 - 16.12

    231 - 21.1

    286 - 23.8

    295 - 30.6

    296 - 3.5

    300 - 5.5

    295 - 5.6

    299 - 13.7

    298 - 16.8

    212 - 27.12

    224 - 22.1

    209 - 12.12

    223 - 4.12

    219 - 3.12

    206 - 15.12

    222 - 29.1

    290 - 31.7

    294 - 16.5

    304 - 4.5

    310 - 8.5

    312 - 18.5

    312 - 23.4

    305 - 10.7

    236 - 8.12

    254 - 10.5

    232 - 1.12

    241 - 26.1

    249 - 24.11

    239 -30.10

    245 - 8.1

    313 - 30.12

    373 - 7.2

    410 - 9.3

    380 - 7.2

    372 - 13.1

    268 - 16.3

    379 - 27.2

    236 - 8.12

    252 - 7.8

    243 -26.10

    238 - 19.2

    243 -24.12

    244 - 31.10

    243 - 17.2

    328 - 31.12

    374 - 18.2

    416 - 9.3

    386 -28.12

    386 - 10.3

    368 - 16.3

    379 - 27.2

    249 - 6.12

    260 - 3.11

    271 - 16.9

    263 - 24.7

    266 - 18.7

    266 - 12.11

    253 - 6.7

    448 - 31.12

    443 - 16.1

    478 - 3.1

    503 - 31.3

    505 - 18.1

    523 - 26.3

    489 - 6.4

    222 - 6.12

    253 - 30.11

    275 -22.10

    256 - 7.11

    264 - 12.10

    238 - 31.11

    256 - 23.9

    432 -28.12

    471 - 27.1

    497 - 11.2

    515 - 16.3

    479 - 18.1

    519 - 25.3

    516 - 22.3

    253 - 11.11

    217 - 30.10

    261 - 17.8

    224 - 1.11

    235 - 11.10

    236 - 13.11

    232 - 21.11

    385 - 26.11

    452 - 18.3

    518 - 15.3

    538 - 9.3

    493 - 5.4

    518 - 1.5

    559 - 21.3

    ̳ - , (~ 40%) ( , ).

    .1 .

    .1. .

    ˳ .1. , , (2002 .) ( ). . 1997 . 2000 ., ' " " /3 /.

    , 2-3 (.1). 2-6 ( 11 N) 1997 . 1999 . (255-275 ..). 7-8, 11 -- 21 N, , . , , , - 1998 . 2000-2001 .. : ~ 270-300 .. ( 9-10 .1) ~ 310-370 .. ( 11-13). , .

    .2. 7 .

    , 1979-1993 .. /4/ ~ 3-3.5 , .

    .2 7 . ׳ " ", , , , , - . , .

    : , . . ³ (1996-2002 ..) , 3.

    3.

    (-, -, -, -) . .

    NN

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    10

    11

    12

    13

    ̳

    1996

    10

    12

    12

    12

    12

    12

    12

    12

    8

    8

    8

    7

    7

    1997

    10

    12

    12

    12

    12

    2

    2

    12

    8

    8

    10

    10

    10

    1998

    10

    1

    1

    1

    1

    1

    1

    12

    11

    11

    9

    8

    8

    1999

    9

    1

    1

    1

    12

    1

    2

    12

    9

    9

    8

    10

    12

    2000

    9

    1

    12

    1

    2

    12

    1

    12

    10

    10

    7

    8

    12

    2001

    9

    1

    12

    1

    1

    12

    1

    12

    10

    10

    8

    11

    8

    2002

    10

    12

    12

    12

    12

    12

    1

    12

    9

    9

    8

    8

    11

    -

    -

    -

    ̳

    1996

    12

    10

    11

    11

    10

    7

    8

    7

    12

    12

    12

    12

    12

    1997

    1

    10

    10

    10

    9

    7

    6

    6

    2

    2

    2

    2

    1

    1998

    2

    9

    10

    10

    9

    8

    8

    8

    3

    3

    3

    3

    4

    1999

    2

    9

    9

    8

    8

    7

    5

    8

    12

    12

    3

    3

    3

    2000

    12

    9

    9

    9

    7

    6

    5

    7

    2

    2

    1

    3

    3

    2001

    4

    9

    11

    11

    7

    7

    7

    5

    3

    3

    3

    3

    4

    2002

    11

    8

    9

    9

    8

    5

    6

    5

    3

    3

    3

    4

    4

    -

    -

    -

    -

    -

    -

    151 -347

    240 -283

    240 -284

    239

    -284

    238

    -285

    234

    -285

    230

    -285

    228 -290

    259 -337

    261 -350

    292 -447

    295 -468

    277 -477

    . 3 , .1, - 1 12.

    , , , (), . , 3- , , . , , - . : 45-60 .., - 150-200 ., (.2).

    .3. , 1996 . 2002 ., -- . , , : . . , . ( . ) .. --̳

    .3. .

    1997 . 1999 . ,

    1998 . 2000-2001 .. . /5/ - 1996-2002, , .

    .4 100-110 1. (1996/1997 .. - 2001/2002 ..); 2. (1997 . - 2002 .); 3. (1997 . -- 2002 .). , . ϳ . ϳ - .1. .4, , , :

    .4. 100-110 .

    . ( 30-100 ..) ( ) - . , . 230 .. ( ) 330 .. 410 .. . 220 .. 300 .. 370 .. , , [255 - 285 - 345 ..], ( 2 ), .

    .5 14 . 4- (, , ѳ -) . , () .

    .5. 14 .

    , , , ( Գ) , . .6 ( ). . , , 10 ( 5 .. . 61 .. . ). () , : 28-29 ., - 35 . ( ~ 3 ). , . 16 . 19 . (

    .6. .

    ), ~ 5 (58-60 .).

    6, 12, 16, 19, 29, 35 59 . 4. 񳺿 100-110 .. . 3- , , 29 ., ~ 5 N (. - 糿) , , 2 , 100-110 ..

    4.

    6, 12, 16, 19, 29, 35 59 . ( ..).

    6 .

    12 .

    16 .

    19 .

    29 .

    35 .

    59 .

    4.49

    4.91

    0.89

    6.41

    9.56

    5.77

    6.66

    4.57

    5.60

    1.73

    5.66

    9.12

    5.97

    5.61

    ѳ

    4.07

    7.46

    1.86

    6.37

    9.28

    5.88

    5.53

    3.39

    11.28

    2.07

    5.20

    8.17

    5.59

    5.57

    ̳

    4.21

    19.76

    4.04

    2.96

    3.37

    1.53

    2.42

    5.03

    20.63

    4.38

    3.57

    3.34

    1.65

    2.46

    4.59

    23.41

    4.92

    4.66

    5.36

    3.91

    2.50

    4.66

    23.98

    10.09

    5.87

    6.32

    9.10

    1.83

    4.35

    24.12

    10.12

    5.83

    6.20

    9.05

    1.91

    1.89

    49.10

    13.05

    2.04

    5.29

    9.38

    8.86

    5.19

    50.02

    12.53

    2.42

    5.61

    9.59

    9.71

    11.05

    61.23

    14.59

    5.77

    4.21

    12.06

    10.26

    100-110

    4.79

    25.12

    6.69

    4.73

    6.32

    6.62

    5.28

    .7. .

    . 7. г ~ 5-10 .., 10-40 N 20 .. > 50 N 10-15 , 60 .. . . - 16 . (1.3 ). ( 29 .) ϳ , 35 ., , . 10-30 N ( "" .

    .8. .

    7.1996 . - 12.2002 . , . .8 . , . : 7- ' (. ) 18 ..2 ϳ - , . 2000 558 ..2. ̳ ϳ , . , . : , . , .8, : 1998 . 2000 ., - 1997 . 1999 . 2000 ., , ..

    . 㳿 100-110 .. , . " " . , . , , . , , . ³ 2002 . , ( 110 ..) (. ).

    .., .., .. // - , 2003, .3, 13-23.

    .., .., .., ., ., // - , 2004 , .4, 58-63.

    .., .., .., .., .. ?// . 2003. N 5. .106-110.

    Gabriel A., Schmitz G., Schlosestr (?) G. Dynamical components of northern hemispheric zonal mean total ozone changes during 1979-93.// Geophys. Res. Lett. 2002. Vol. 29, N 14. P. 20/1-20/4.

    Zhou L.B., Akiyoshi H., Kawahira K. Analysis of year-to-year ozone variation over the subtropical western Pacific region using EP_TOMS data and CESR/NIES nudging CTM.// J. Geophys. Res. D. 2003. Vol.108, N 20. P. ACL3/1- ACL3/11

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