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    dz .., .., .., ..

    () (, , -, -, -, -, , , , , ) .

    , [1]:

    Ph2CN2

    1Ph2C:

    3Ph2C: + O2

    Ph2COO + Ph2CN2

    Ph2COO + Ph2COO

    Ph2COO + ROH

    1Ph2C: + N2

    3Ph2C:

    Ph2COO

    Ph2C = O + N2

    2Ph2C = O = O2

    (1)

    (ST, TS)

    (2)

    (3)

    (4)

    (5)

    Ph2CN2 1.8.10-4 /. . (410 ), - 415 [1].

    , A, , :

    (I)

    = 1900 /. [1], l = 10 , k4 - . k4 = 1.8.107 /. k4 = 7.107 /. [2].

    , 0 k (2), k (1), RO. 䳿 k5 (.).

    . Ph2COO c ROH (293 ).

    R

    [ROH], /

    k5, /

    pK [3]

    IP

    CH3CN

    C6H6

    H2O

    1.10-2. 7.10-1

    (4.7 0.9) .102

    -

    15.7

    12.17

    MeOH

    1.10-2. 7.10-1

    (1.0 0.1) .103

    (1.3 0.2) .104

    16

    10.82

    i-PrOH

    5.10-3.1

    (1.2 0.1) .103

    (5.3 0.5) .103

    18

    10.10

    EtOH

    1.10-2. 1

    (1.8 0.4) .103

    (1.0 0.1) .104

    18

    10.41

    6.10-3. 4.10-1

    (2.9 0.5) .103

    (2.0 0.3) .104

    19

    i-BuOH

    1.10-2. 1

    (1.8 0.1) .103

    (1.4 0.2) .104

    10.02

    -BuOH

    1.10-2. 5.10-1

    (2.2 0.2) .103

    (1.0 0.2) .104

    9.99

    i-C5H11OH

    5.10-3. 3.10-1

    (2.3 0.4) .103

    (7 1) .103

    9.78

    -C6H13OH

    5.10-3. 4.10-2

    (4.8 0.7) .103

    (3 1) .104

    9.75

    4.10-3. 5.10-2

    (7 1) .103

    (2.5 0.6) .105

    9.09

    Ph3COH

    1.10-2. 3.10-1

    (4 1) .102

    -

    19

    PhCH2OH

    2.10-4.1.10-2

    -

    (2.4 0.4) .104

    18

    8.26

    , , ROH. [2]. ' - , .

    k5 (pK), ROH (IP).

    - ( pK) 䳿 , . dz IP , . ֳ , [4]. , ' OH , 䳿 ' . CH3CN, , ' , . .

    , [5], , , , ' . , .

    .., .., .. .// . . . . 1998. 7. . 1329-1332.

    Nazarov A.M., Chainikova E.M., Khursan S.L. et al.// React. Kinet. Catal. Lett. 1998. V. 65. 2. P. 311-314.

    McEwen W.K.// J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1936. V. 58. P. 1124.

    .. . ... . . . : , 2000.

    Yamamoto Y., Niki E., Kamiya Y.// Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 1982. 55. P. 2677-2678.

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